University of Jammu, India
Dr. Falendra Kumar Sudan is Professor and Head, Department of Economics, University of Jammu, India with specialization in Environmental and Natural Resource Economics. He is Director, Regional Centre of Expertise on Education for Sustainable Development (RCE Jammu) under United Nations Programme acknowledged by United Nations University, Tokyo (Japan) since November 2016. He has widely consulted for the World Bank, various Ministries of Government of India, Planning Commission, ICSSR, UGC (New Delhi). He served as Adjunct Research Fellow at Centre for Comparative Water Policies and Laws, University of South Australia, Adelaide (Australia) for collaborative research from June 2011-June 2014.
University of Sourh Australia, Australia
Prof McKay is a socio legal environmental law and natural resources law academic with over 160 publications on water management. Her topics have included recycled water, desalination. Governance regimes for urban and rural water, Water markets conflict resolution through courts and arbitration. She has worked in Australia, india, USA, MIDDLE EAST and looked at civil and common law rules. She is a part time Commissioner on a court in South Australia.
Sustainable Energy Access (SEA) is a daunting challenge for 1.3 billion people mainly in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and developing Asia, which paradoxically hold nearly 20% of global oil and gas reserves.
Currently, 2.8 billion people have no access to modern cooking facilities, which generate negative impacts on health of women and children. Without new policies and efforts, 800 million rural people are likely to be unlit in 2030 and an additional 200 million will rely on solid fuel. Achieving universal energy access by 2030 would require an increase in funding of more than 400% over current annual investment, of which an estimated 40% is expected to be in distributed off-grid solutions.
This huge investment is unlikely from additional public sector and donors. Therefore, public-private collaboration will be required for investment in cleaner technologies for transitioning to SEA in SSA and developing Asia. These countries will play a key role in the future of energy access markets calling for reliable, clear and consistent policy support from governments to attract private investors.
In this context, technological development and new innovative business and financial models are essential to offer affordable clean energy solutions and to scale up distributed renewable energy solutions.
Panelists and Abstracts
Solar Powered, Stand-Alone Devices for Chlorine Generation
Enrico Chinello1, Miguel A. Modestino2, S. Mohammad H. Hashemi1, Laurent Coulot3, Mathieu Ackermann3, Florian Gerlich3, Demetri Psaltis1 and Christophe Moser1
1 Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne – School of Engineering STI, Lausanne, Switzerland
2 Tandon School of Engineering, New York University – NYU, Brooklyn, NY, United States
3Insolight SA, Ecublens, Switzerland
Presenting author’s email address: email@example.com
Biography of Presenting Author: After obtaining a bachelor degree in mechanical engineering from the University of Padua (Italy), Enrico Chinello completed his master studies between the same university and the Danish Technical University (DTU, Denmark), where he specialized in renewable energy systems. He joined the Laboratory of Applied Photonics Devices of Prof. Christophe Moser in 2015, where he has been working on solar-electrochemical reactors for the generation of fuels and chemical commodities.
Chlorine and chlorinated compounds are chemical commodities of great interest for treatment of waterborne pathogens; they count on an established industrial operation, which accounts for a yearly energy consumption of 150 TWh. Here we propose a solar powered device able to (i) generated a powerful disinfectant off the grid, in places and communities where access to clean water is an issue, (ii) trigger a deeper penetration of renewable energy sources in the chemical and electrochemical industry. The system employs an innovative solar concentrator that illuminates multi-junction solar cells, which drive the brine electrolysis. The device was tested under real atmospheric conditions with a 25.1% sun-to-chlorine efficiency (SCE). The capability to drive the process without angular limitations was also demonstrated. The device is easily scalable and is ready for its practical implementation.
A Performance Evaluation Process for Solar Thermal Cooking Devices
Alan Bigelow1, Justin Tabatchnick1, Julie Greene1
1 Solar Cookers International, Sacramento, California, USA
Presenting author’s email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Biography of Presenting Author: Physicist Dr. Alan Bigelow joined Solar Cookers International in 2016 as Science Director and Representative at the United Nations. He leads testing programs at Solar Cookers International and advocates for solar thermal cooking at the United Nations in New York. He has led solar cooking workshops locally in New York and internationally in India, Nepal and Haiti. He participated in a solar expedition in Nepal where during nine days at high altitude all meals were prepared using portable solar cookers.
Solar Cookers International staff designed and built portable test stations for a performance evaluation process (PEP) for solar thermal cookers in response to a specific need expressed by the solar cooking sector that an independent, neutral agency develop a testing process for solar thermal cooking devices. The PEP test stations are based on commercially-available, low-cost components, including: thermocouples, an anemometer, a pyranometer and Arduino hardware. The test station control software was designed to conduct the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASAE) S580.1 protocol for Testing and Reporting Solar Cooker Performance; it measures temperature changes in an amount of water proportional to the intercept area of a solar cooker, while monitoring wind speed and solar insolation, for normalizing results. Preliminary evaluations of an assortment of three basic types of solar cookers suggest average standard cooking powers: reflective-panel (39 W), box oven (56 W) and parabolic reflector (289 W).
Human Capacity Development for Clean Energy Transition and Climate Action in Africa: Mentoring for Research Programme
1International Support Network for African Development (ISNAD-Africa), Centre for Petroleum, Energy Economics and Law, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Presenting author’s email address: email@example.com
Biography of Presenting Author: Adedoyin Adeleke is the Founder and Executive Director of the International Support Network for African Development(ISNAD-Africa), Nigeria and a Doctoral Researcher at the Politecnico di Milano, Italy. He holds a bachelor’s degree in Mechanical Engineering and a multidisciplinary Master’s degree in Energy Studies. Adedoyin has contributed to a number of global reports on sustainable energy and has received various international scholarships and fellowships awards. In 2014 alone, he implemented six education-support programmes that impacted over 800 youths in Kano, Nigeria.
A major challenge to sustainable energy development, environmental sustainability and climate actions in Africa is the dearth of knowledge as there is inadequate human capital with updated competencies in these fields especially in the area of research. As such, research activities in these areas are minimal and many students with novel research ideas are not able to research into their ideas due to lack of researchers and professionals with fitting competencies to supervise them. ISNAD-Africa seeks to bridge this gap through Mentoring for Research Programme (MRP).
Through the MRP, ISNAD-Africa will be establishing structured mentoring relationships between young research students in African universities, and experienced researchers and professionals with fitting competences, in world-class institutions and organisations such as World Bank, Harvard University, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) among others. The mentoring programme would complement the supervisions they receive from their institution-based supervisors.
Prospects of Solar Power for Sustainable Growth and Clean Energy in India
Dr. Sharanjit Singh Dhillon1, Dr. Kuldeep Singh2
1 Punjab School of Economics, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India.
2 Department of P. G. Studies, Punjabi University Regional Centre, Bathinda, India.
Presenting author’s email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Biography of Presenting Author: Dr. Sharanjit Singh Dhillon teaches at Punjab School of Economics, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar. He is former Head of School and former Registrar, Guru Nanak Dev University. He has more than 34 years of teaching and research experience. Prof. Dhillon specializes in Economics of Development, Agricultural Economics and International Finance. He has extensively written in his area of specialization and disseminated his research by presenting papers in large numbers of international and national conferences/seminars and supervised a number of Ph.D. scholars.
The present paper highlights the current status of solar energy in India and solar energy development in different states of India. Further, it provides an overview of the challenges and barriers faced by solar energy and also review the government policies to support solar energy development in India. The total installed capacity of grid connected renewable energy in India was 50068.37 MW and off- grid power capacity was 1403.70 MW during March 2016. The solar energy potential in India is 748990 MW and renewable energy potential is 896602 MW which shows the large scope available to increase the clean energy capacity. Paper concludes that solar power is the future source of energy in the country. India needs to invest in R & D so that cost of production is reduced further to make solar energy as the cheapest and cleanest source of energy for sustainable development.