[SE33-ENE] Access to Energy for All: Measuring Impact beyond kWh

DAY 3 – Friday 29 June – 10:45-12:30

Swiss Tech | Room 2C | Level Garden 
Session Leader
Jacopo Barbieri
Politecnico di Milano
Jacopo Barbieri graduated in energy engineering at Politecnico di Milano. After a first period in the private sector (Techint E&C), he moved at the Department of Energy at Politecnico di Milano as project manager and researcher. He mainly deals with access to energy, focusing on energy planning and assessment, integrated renewable energy systems, appropriate technologies for developing countries, monitoring and evaluation, and energy in humanitarian settings. He served as consultant in Mozambique, Angola, Tanzania, Lebanon, and Nepal for assessment and feasibility studies, mainly regarding access to energy for rural communities, in collaboration with NGOs, private stakeholders, and international agencies. He has been working for almost one year in north Tanzania as energy advisor and programme manager for Istituto Oikos NGO.
In the Agenda 2030 energy is considered an instrumental right for unleashing development, supporting local enterprises and new jobs, improving health and education, in addition to ensuring access to other basic needs. Despite this relevance, the huge numbers of those living without modern energy services are not likely to change in the near future. Therefore, it is of paramount importance to assess performance and long-term impact of energy project, not only in terms of energy services provided, but also in terms of contribution to local development and improvement in the community livelihoods.
These metrics may highlight directions for the formulation of new projects and future strategies for both donors and policy makers. The session will deepen the discussion on 1) What are the standards used by the scientific community? 2) If and how can we compare them? 3) How to develop effective model-based and evidence-based methodologies?
Panelists and Abstracts
A Multi-Dimensional, Multi-Tier and Multi-Level Framework to Assess Sustainability of Energy Access Solutions
Arianna Tozzi1, Aparna Katre2
1Researcher and Consultant, Energy and Sustainability, Pune, India 
2University of Minnesota, Duluth, USA
Presenting author’s email address:arianna.tozzi1@gmail.com
Biography of Presenting Author: Arianna Tozzi is an independent Researcher and Consultant working in India where she specializes on energy access interventions for rural communities. Her research focuses particularly on Decentralized Renewable Energy systems through Community ownership models with a key focus on India and South Asia. She has experience in the NGO sector, having worked for international organizations driving programs to accelerate adoption of energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies globally.
The number and nature of energy access solutions for rural electrification is on a growth trajectory globally. However, a widely accepted and comprehensive methodology to assess their impact and long-term sustainability is still lacking. This research proposes a comprehensive methodology to evaluate performances of energy systems for rural electrification. The framework develops a scoring methodology across multiple dimension of sustainability, where scores are assigned based on the system’s operative performances and functionality. Data is collected at multiple levels from all stakeholders, capturing opinions and different expectations across all actors involved. We present results from six community-owned Solar Mini-Grids in India and showcase how the proposed approach can provide a comprehensive objective evaluation of the overall sustainability of energy solutions.
Post-Installation Assessment of Performance and Impact of Photovoltaic Systems for Water Pumping and Electricity Services in Rural Communities in Nigeria
Mobolaji Onasanya1, Peter Oluseyi2
1Yaba College of Technology, Lagos, Nigeria
2University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
Biography of Presenting Author: Mobolaji Onasanya is a researcher and an academic staff member of Yaba College of Technology, Lagos which is the foremost tertiary institution in Nigeria. He had is PhD in Energy and Sustainable Development from De Montfort University, Leicester, United Kingdom. His interest lies in Energy Studies and its sustainability, especially among the energy poor in developing countries.
Both government and non-government agencies have been involved in the deployment of photovoltaic systems for the provision of water pumping and electricity services to rural communities in Nigeria. However, post-installation issues relating to the success, failure and impact of such installations are hardly documented. This study provides an insight on such issues through the collection and systematic analysis of primary data on the performance and impact of solar PV installations in seven exploratory studies of rural communities. A main finding of the study is that involvement of private energy providers in the deployment and running of such installations could prove more effective than the sole use of government agencies. It further reveals possible interrelationship between some of the factors that influence the performance and impact of the installations. A framework and set of recommendations that could support improved performance and deepened impact of such installations in rural communities are generated.
Powering Primary Healthcare through Solar in India
Sunil Mani1, Sasmita Patnaik2
1Research Analyst, Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW)
2Programme Lead, Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW)
Presenting author’s email address:sunil.mani@ceew.in
Biography of the presenting author: Sunil Mani works as a Research Analyst at the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW). He holds an interest in the health, energy, and sustainable economic development.
At CEEW he has been working on health and energy, and trying to understand the impact of lack of electrification in the Primary Health Centres (PHCs) on health service delivery; and what role can enhanced electricity access in the health centres play in improving the health services and health outcomes in India.
Healthcare facilities need regular electricity access for conducting deliveries, storing vaccines, providing emergency services, getting clean water supply, and for retention of skilled staff. Approximately 50% of primary health centres (PHCs) in India have irregular access to electricity. We show that improved access to electricity in PHCs through alternative technologies such as solar Photovoltaic (PV) systems, enable better delivery of healthcare services. Solar powered PHCs in the state of Chhattisgarh in India, admitted over 60% more patients and conducted almost 70% more deliveries in a month, compared to power-deficit PHCs, without a solar system.
Productive Use of Energy – Pathway to Development? Reviewing the Impact of Small-Scale Energy Projects in Developing Countries
Productive Use of Energy – Pathway to Development? Reviewing the Impact of Small-Scale Energy Projects in Developing Countries
Julia Terrapon-Pfaff1, Marie-Christine Gröne1, Carmen Dienst1, Willington Ortiz1
1Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy GmbH, Wuppertal, Germany
Presenting author’s email address: carmen.dienst@wupperinst.org
Biography of Submitting Author: Dr. Julia Terrapon-Pfaff is a research fellow at the Wuppertal Institute, where she works in and coordinates national and international research projects. She graduated from the University of Trier in 2008, where she studied geography, strategic management and public law. Julia’s primary research areas are renewable energy solutions for developing and emerging countries. She has expertise in the fields of impact evaluations and decision analysis and experience in working with international and local stakeholders in Asia as well as Africa. .
It is widely recognized that access to sustainable energy services is a crucial factor in reducing poverty and enhancing development. One of the assumed positive outcomes is the productive use of energy, which is expected to create value thereby having a positive impact on local livelihoods. However, systematic evidence of these impacts is still limited. This study analyses the results of a post-evaluation of 30 small-scale energy development projects and reviews these in relation to existing literature to better understand how the supply of sustainable energy supports productive use activities, and whether these activities have the expected positive impacts.