[SE16-HAB] Planning Smart City Technology in the Global South

DAY 2 – Thursday 28 June – 14:20-15:50
Swiss Tech | Room 2A | Level Garden 
 
Session Leaders
Nahid Mohajeri
University of Oxford, Sustainable Urban Development programme
 
Nahid Mohajeri, PhD University College London, was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Solar Energy and Building Physics Lab (EPFL), from 2013-17. Since September 2017, she has been a Visiting Researcher at Sustainable Urban Development Programme, University of Oxford. Her research interests include statistical modelling of geometric urban patterns, their energy efficiency and ecological impacts, as well as socio-technical potentials of renewable energy resources for urban/rural areas (with application for global south cities) and data-driven approaches for analyzing sustainable urban development.
 
Ajith de Alwis
University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka
ajithdea@gmail.com
 
Senior Professor of Chemical and Process Engineering at University of Moratuwa. He obtained his PhD from University of Cambridge and has worked at University of Reading, UK and Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. Experience includes serving as a Science Team Leader in the Sri Lanka Institute of Nanotechnology and as the Project Director at Coordinating Secretariat for Science Technology and Innovation (COSTI), Ministry of Science Technology and Research.   He is a member of the Intellectual Property Advisory Commission and a member of the Governing Council of National Occupational Health and Safety Institute and also a founder director of the Sri Lanka Green Building Council. His interests are in Eco-innovations, Food Process Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Nanobiotechnologies, Bioenergy systems.    Founder President of Lanka Biogas Association and a Fellow of the National Academy of Sciences Sri Lanka.
 
 
Summary
 
Do smart city technologies make it possible to move cities of the Global South in the direction of sustainable development? More specifically, do information and communications technologies improve the functioning of these cities, increase their efficiency, promote their competitiveness, and provide new ways in which problems of poverty, social deprivation, and poor environment might be addressed? Traditional approaches to city planning and urban design are rapidly becoming obsolete particularly for fast growing cities in developing countries such as the Global South. The reasons include the need for resilience, sustainability, and adaptability as well as equity and social justice. This session provides a platform to discuss not only the impacts of digital technology on urban development in the cities of the Global South but considers also the implementation of smart cities, their associated technological infrastructures, and urban policies in these cities. More specifically, the following aspects of smart cities will be considered in the session: (i) smart economy (competitiveness), smart people (social and human capital), smart governance (participation), smart mobility (transport), smart environment (natural resources), and smart living (quality of life).   
 
Panelists and Abstracts
 
Smart City: A Myth for Many Global South Cities
Sahjabin Kabir1, Papon Kumar Dev2
1Dhaka North City Corporation
2Technische Universität Berlin
 
Presenting author’s email address: sahjabinkabir@gmail.com
 
Biography of Presenting Author: Being Architect and development worker, Sahjabin has more than 7-years of professional experience after completion her graduation in architecture from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology and masters in Design Studies from Harvard University. Presently she is working as “Urban Specialist” with Dhaka North City Corporation and as “Director” with National Association for Resource Improvement. She has also worked with other organizations in Asia and US like Avantgrades, EMK-grant (US-Embassy), Work for Better Bangladesh, Youth School for Social Entrepreneurs etc.
 
Abstract: Alike many city visionary declarations, the “Smart City” is gaining popularity among the urban stakeholders. Before adopting this metaphor in the cities of the developing countries, it is better to ensure the wellbeing of this phenomena towards the general citizen rather than just stepping into the ‘Smart City Mania’. Though there is no unique definition of ‘Smart City’ but obviously the necessary component is the ‘Smart People’ who belongs the ‘Smart Technology’ and habituated to handle it. The concept is acceptable if “the bottom-up or citizen-led approach” functions rather than becoming the prey of some company’s commercial model. The paper is based on primary and secondary materials. It explores the limitations of Global South cities to adopt the smart city vision. The paper is not against the tech-development, but it formulates different arguments with different cases and benchmarks- why some cities are still not prepared to wear this branded tech-shoes.
 
Effects of Bed Media and Feeding Patterns on Wastewater Treatment Performance of Wetland Roofs
Xuan-Thanh Bui1, Thi-Dieu-Hien Vo2,3 , Hong-Hai Nguyen1
1Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology, VNU-HCM, Vietnam.
2Environmental Engineering and Management research group & Faculty of Environment and Labour safety, Ton Duc Thang University, Vietnam.
3Institute of Marine Science and Technology, National Kaohsiung Marine University, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan.
 
Presenting author’s email address: bxthanh@hcmut.edu.vn
 
Biography of Presenting Author: Dr. BUI Xuan Thanh obtained his Ph.D degree in environmental engineering from Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand and INSA, France. Currently, he is an associate professor at Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology. His research interests include membrane separation processes, water and wastewater treatment technologies, biological and ecological treatment processes. He has published 50 SCI/SCIE journal papers, 10 books/book chapters and 01 US patent. He has served as a guest editor of Journal of Environmental Management (Elsevier).
 
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of continuous and intermittent feeding conditions on pollutants removal of shallow bed subsurface flow wetland roof (WR). The effect of different bed materials (mainly sand and coal) and two plants (Axonopus Compressus and Wedelia Trilobata) on removal efficiency of WR were surveyed. The results indicated that wastewater treatment of two plants were relatively high and insignificantly different. Moreover, the intermittent feeding strategy improved the removal rate of pollutants from domestic wastewater. The WR with the bed structure equipped mainly coal showed high potential application because of their not only higher removal efficiency but also lighter in weight compared with sand bed WRs. In addition, the wetland roof technology could be integrated in city planning to reduce the inverse effect from discharge of untreated wastewater and lack of green space.
 
Greening the Building Sector: Brick by Brick
Ritu Bharadwaj1, Somnath Bhattacharjee1
1Institute for Industrial Productivity India
 
Presenting author’s email address: Ritu.bharadwaj@iipinetwork.org
 
Biography of Presenting Author: Ritu Bharadwaj has more than 16 years of experience in the field of energy, environment and climate change. She started her career with Government of India leading large portfolio of programs. Subsequently as a Program Manager in Winrock, she led large action research projects in the area of renewable, climate change and resource management. Before joining IIP, she worked as Advisor, Climate and Environment with DFID, where she championed an enormous portfolio of programs on South Asia Regional issues.
 
Abstract: The current status of brick industry in India is highly unsustainable and needs to upgrade in order to save valuable natural resources, reduce air pollution, and increase energy efficiency. There are innovative technological options and policy measures that can address these issues. A new climate-friendly non-fired technology (Flyash Lime Gypsum (FaL-G) technology) that uses fly ash, with two other ingredients also available as industrial by products: Lime from acetylene industry and Gypsum from chemical plants is a viable solution to this issue. This new method offers many advantages and has the potential to completely eliminate carbon emissions as it does not use top soil and fossil fuel as raw material. Putting fly ash to productive use reduces water, air, and soil pollution. Additionally, with its low thermal conductivity over the traditional bricks, it has the potential to bring down the operational energy use of the building.
 
Transformation Towards Resilient Societies Through Information and Communication Technologies for Women Empowerment for Planning Smart Cities in Global South.  
Kalpana Chaudhari1, Paruthummootil Philip2
1Institute For Sustainable Development and Research, ISDR, India
2National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra , India
 
Presenting author’s email address: isdrklc@hotmail.com
 
Biography of Presenting Author: Kalpana Chaudhari has pursued the Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology.Her research work includes interdisciplinary subjects includes e-governance, information and communication technologies and its application for socio-economic and sustainable development. She is working as Vice President of Institute for Sustainable Development and Research, ISDR, India, an organization having consultative status with United Nations Economic and Social Council, UN-ECOSOC, UN-Habitat. She has 21 years experience in academic, research and training in information and communication technology and its application for sustainable development. 
 
Abstract: This presentation deals with issues related to transformation towards resilient societies for women empowerment through sustainable use of information and communication technology, in planning smart cities in Urbanized world of Global South. The presentation focuses on policy formulation for resources planning, risk mitigation, social vulnerability and resilience for gender based planning. The presentation aims to provide the platform to enable gender based Knowledge-Action Network communities to work together to create new perspectives on smart cities that are relevant to Sustainable development Goals-3. Ensure healthy living, Goal 5- Achieve gender equality, empower all women and girls, Goal 11-Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable, Goal 16- Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions and to aid in gender based planning for safer, sustainable and Smart cities and communities integrating the Knowledge-Action Network for sustainable urbanization in global south.
 
“Visualizing ‘Sustainable Futures’ in Indian Smart Cities-Role of Technology in Planning and Implementation of SDG Agenda 2030 in Global South”
Maheswar Satpathy1, Sarthak Gaurav2, Siba Sankar Mohanty3, Biswa Ranjan Acharya4, Bharat Sadana5
1UGC Centre of Advanced Study in Psychology, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, India
2Shailesh J. Mehta School of Management, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India
3Department of Applied & Analytical Economics, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, India
4Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar, India
5Next Vision Research Solutions Inc. New Delhi, India
 
Presenting author’s email address: maheswarsatpathy@gmail.com
 
Biography of Presenting Author: Maheswar Satpathy (B.Psych, Utkal; M.Psych. DU; PhD. Health Sciences, UNSW Sydney, FIAHP) is a scholar in the areas of Global Health (Global Mental Health, Health Systems and Policy, Social Determinants of Health), Critical Development Studies (Poverty, Human Inequalities, Capabilities and Sustainability). Currently, he is working as an Assistant Professor at Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, India besides serving as an Honorary President of ‘Udyam-Global Association for Sustainable Development’. He is a recipient of Australian Government’s Australian Leadership Awards, and Emerging Psychologists of the World Award by International Union of Psychological Sciences (IUPsyS). He is currently working on a 4-volume series on Technologies in Sustainable Development (commissioned by Springers).
 
Abstract: Cities are our future, and our futures are intricately embedded and entangled into and contingent on an increasing adoption of technologies. In this study, we aim an assessment of life-rendering and transformative role of technologies in human lives and in the current planning and implementation of SDG Agenda 2030 in Smart Cities of India. We propose to: i) critically appreciate work in the realm of use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) that enable efficient operations of citizen friendly and sustainable measures in India’s Smart Cities Mission; ii) Analysis of issues pertaining to externalities and unintended consequences in the context of urban planning and citizen welfare; iii) while we start with a succinct review and critique of current policies, and practices, we also aim to propose many evidence-based practice solutions, using the following themes. The paper focuses on 3 cross-cutting domains of life i.e. Sustainable Housing and Smart City/Urban Planning, Healthcare and Social Inclusion, and seeks to essentialize role of technologies e.g. ICT and IoT in transforming these core areas, for achievement of SDG Agenda 2030.