Gabriela Tejada is a scientist at CODEV, EPFL in Switzerland. She obtained a PhD Cum Laude in Political Sciences from the UAB. She has extensive expertise as leader of scientific programmes expanding Swiss collaboration in research, education and technological innovation with countries of the global South. Her expertise includes the provision of strategic advice to UN agencies, governments and universities on scientific cooperation and the implementation of development agendas. Gabriela has contributed widely to the international academic debate and policy dialogue on scientific diasporas and migration and development. As a member of the Swiss Commission for UNESCO, she promotes the role of science to advance the SDGs.
Institute for European Policies and Reforms, Moldova
Victor Lutenco is leading social and migration policy activities with the think-tank Institute for European Policies and Reforms. He just finished his Fulbright/Humphrey fellowship at the University of Minnesota. Mr. Lutenco has previously worked with International Organization for Migration and United Nations Population Fund. He has also been elected before to Chisinau City Council and has worked with the Government of Moldova where he advised two Prime Minister on social and development policies and founded the Diaspora Relations Bureau.
The 2030 Agenda enhances the role that science plays in sustainable development. However, there is a need for new models of science-policy interface that can shape national agendas more strongly and help evidence-based policy advance the SDGs. This session brings together several stakeholders who will present programmes and practices that have reinforced science and policy interconnections and research focused on the SDGs. By identifying main obstacles and enablers in the production and implementation of policy-oriented research towards the 2030 Agenda, we will see how different actors are addressing this challenge. We welcome contributions based on experiences from researchers, policy makers, funding agencies, international organizations and civil society.
There will be a particular focus on successful multi-stakeholder partnerships that have effectively worked towards the 2030 Agenda and on the role that research-funding agencies have played in backstopping science connected to the SDGs and the integration of the findings into policy action.
Panelists and Abstracts
Why are Most Manufacturing Firms Active in Innovation not Collaborating with Academia?
Susan Dorothy Schneegans1, Luciana Marins1, Martin Schaaper1
1United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, France 2 iNVESTIGA, Colombia
Presenting author’s email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Biography of Presenting Author: Susan Schneegans is Editor-in-Chief of the UNESCO Science Report, which monitors trends in science governance around the world every five years, with a current focus on tracking progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 9.5 concerning research and innovation. She has also (co-)edited other UNESCO publications, including individual profiles of three African countries in 2013–2014, within UNESCO’s Global Observatory of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Instruments. Ms Schneegans has also pursued her interest in science communication and science popularization through her role as Editor of UNESCO’s quarterly journal, A World of Science, from 2002 to 2013.
In 2013, the UNESCO Institute for Statistics collected innovation data from 53 countries at different stages of development to ascertain the extent to which manufacturing firms that were innovation-active partnered with universities and public research institutes to develop new products and processes. This data collection revealed that the great majority of firms do not interact with public research institutions at all.
We summarize these findings and draw on the analysis of global trends in the 2015 edition of the UNESCO Science Report, to identify some of the causes of this disaffection. This report concluded that the low importance attached by most firms to maintaining linkages with universities and government research institutions in countries of all income levels should be of concern to policy-makers, given that strengthening university–industry ties tends to be an important target of policy instruments.
Making Small and Medium Enterprises Compliant with the 2030 Agenda: Public Policy Perspectives in India
1Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, CSIR-CGCRI, Kolkata, INDIA
Presenting author’s email address: email@example.com
Biography of Presenting Author: The author is a molecular biologist sub-specialized in Technology Management and Intellectual Property Rights. He has worked in S&T Management, Technology Transfer and Dissemination with the Indian government’s DST and CSIR institutions since 2005. He was associated as a lead coordinator with a technology facilitation programme for Indian SME, and has worked extensively on policy research for SME clusters in India, Caribbean and South Asian regions. His research interest covers sustainable development policies with special focus on IPRs, technology and environment.
Small and medium enterprises are major drivers of the Indian economy and are organized in clusters. Technology facilitation of these clusters is one of the primary approach to make them compliant with the sustainable development goals and thereby impart resilience. Studies have shown that multi-stakeholder partnerships involving clusters, governments and academic and R&D institutions can contribute significantly towards enhancing technological capabilities of the firms and also strengthen their capacity. An overview of this context, a few examples of successful interventions and implications of public policy in the process would be highlighted and discussed.
An Innovative Model of Research Campuses to Strengthen the Link between Science and Society
Mélanie Marcel1, Georges De Noni2
1 SoScience, Paris, France
2 Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Bondy, France
Presenting author’s email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Biography of Presenting Author: Founder of SoScience, a company specialized in Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI). Prior to SoScience, Mélanie worked at the forefront of human-machines interfaces at NTT Basic Research Laboratories and the Brain & Spine Institute (ICM). She is expert for the European Commission on RRI. She published a book on the topic in 2017, is an Ashoka Changemaker (2014) and an Echoing Green Fellow (2017). Mélanie holds two master’s degrees, in Physics and Neurosciences from ESPCI ParisTech and Paris Descartes University.
The role of innovation to achieve the Sustainable Developments Goals (SDGs) is being considered as more and more essential (Aghion 2016). As the 2030 Agenda enhances the importance of science in achieving the SDGs, expectations towards researchers and research institutions are increasing (Marcel and Marniesse 2017). These expectations call for a strengthened tie between science and society. Such a tie was developed by the French National Research Institute for Sustainable Development (IRD) through innovative campuses that serve as platforms to reinforce research focused on the SDGs, challenge their relevance when needed and co-create public policy and innovations through science-based data. The first results hold great potential for development impact as they replaced unusual actors at the core of research projects definition and developed their eagerness to work with scientists. Key components of success are: co-creation of the research question, diversity of the partners involved and creation of a common culture.
Sustainable Development Goals and India: A Challenge towards Formulating an Integrated Development Strategy.
Uttam Kumar Bhattacharya1
1Institute of Development Studies Kolkata , India
Presenting author’s email address: email@example.com
Biography of Presenting Author : Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Calcutta, India. Areas of interest : Intellectual Property Rights , International Skilled Migration .Child labour and Education. Edited two books and published articles in several journals.
On the basis of secondary reports and field experiences, the paper analyzed some of the major reasons of successes and failures of achieving the sustainable development goals in India. It shows, how poverty, inequality, unemployment cause the basic reasons of failures of attending any good rank in the Sustainable Development Index. The lack of coordination and integration among and within different departments of the government create impediments. The experiences of the successful leaders of the sustainable development goals might give us certain specific ideas which could be adapted to improve the status of India within the period 2030.
Towards a National Framework for Monitoring Research and Innovation to Strengthen the Research-policy Nexus in Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals in Tanzania
1 The Open University of Tanzania
Presenting author’s email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Biography of Presenting Author: Christopher Awinia lectures in Development Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation at the Open University of Tanzania (OUT). He currently serves as Coordinator of the Centre of Economics and Community Economic Development (CECED). He is active in the field of Monitoring and Evaluation including having conducted over 50 evaluations, and teaching a Master of Arts programme in Monitroing and Evaluation. With a background in development economics, Christopher Awinia has been closely involved in strategies to monitor the overall impact of SDGs in his country. Prior to his role in academics Christopher Awinia worked with United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for 10 years including as a campaign manager for Millennium Development Goals in Tanzania Country Office.
The impact of Research and Innovation (R&I) in Tanzania has not been felt due to several constraints including limited attention to social science research, knowledge management and research into-use. The Tanzania Commission of Science and Technology (COSTECH) is the custodian of national research as mandated by the National Science ane technology Policy and National Priority Research Strategy. Research funding that is available to inform policy priorities related to the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals has been scaled-up from domestic and international sources. The paper describes an consultative and analytic process that brought together R&I institutions to identify strategies to strengthen research-policy nexus for accelerated development impact. The paper provides an assessment of linkages and gaps between identified research priorities and SDGs. It describes key steps taken and remaining work that needs to be taken by COSTECH to institute a National Framework for Monitoring R&I. It describes the knowledge management (KM) platform that was adopted by COSTECH and social-hub R&I research to strengthen research-policy nexus on implementation of SDGs. The paper concludes by way of giving critical reflections on the way forward for strengthening research-policy nexus in implementation of the SDGs in Tanzania.