[SE10-ENE] Public Sector Involvement in Sustainable Energy Access in the Global South

DAY 1 – Monday 2 May – 15:30-17:00
Swiss Tech | Room 2B | Level Garden

Session Leader | Summary | Panelists and Abstracts


Session Leader

Mini Govindan
The Energy and Resources Institute, India

Mini Govindan is a Research Fellow at the Social Transformation Division of The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in New Delhi, India. She earned her PhD in Development Studies in 2007 from the Institute for Social and Economic Change in Bangalore. She specializes in gender analysis and social impact assessment of water and energy policy. She has consulted extensively for the Indian Government and international organizations such as UN Women, UNDP, World Bank, DANIDA, SDC, IUCN and DFID.



The commercialization or outright privatization of water, energy, health and sanitation services was justified in much of the Global North and South by the unsatisfactory performance of state-regulated and controlled regimes.

The rationale behind such reforms was that efficiency, commercial pricing, and greater involvement by the private sector would reduce pressure on national and local government budgets and create a profitable sector, which in turn would finance necessary investments for improvements in service and access. There is growing evidence around the world that such reform had been designed more to address macroeconomic concerns and to satisfy donor conditionalities, and with less consideration for social justice and equity issues. In order to ensure that the technologies and infrastructures that can make the biggest differences in the lives of poor people are developed and disseminated, there is a clear need for governments to either be involved directly, or at the very least, to put incentives and subsidy structures in place that direct private investment to areas that would otherwise not be prioritized. We are consequently witnessing a trend towards remunicipalization of basic services in some countries. Promising hybrid models (public-private and multiple-stakeholder) are also emerging in many parts of the world.

In this session, we showcase examples and case studies from developing countries and emerging economies of energy initiatives that are developed solely by the public sector, or through collaborations between public, quasi-public and non-state actors that perform roles in line with their comparative advantages.

This session should be of interest to anyone interested in energy development and dissemination strategies that generate more equitable and sustainable outcomes, including, academic and non-academic researchers, public and private enterprises in on and off-grid energy technology development and dissemination, donor agencies, development banks, labor unions, NGOs and other civil society organizations.


Sunil Dhingra, The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), India, Rural Electrification and Livelihood Generation for Women Enterprises in Rural India: Experience of Implementing Two-stage Biomass Gasifiers [PDF Full Paper]


Ravneet Kaur, Panjab University, India, An Evaluation of Jawaharlal Nehru Solar Mission (India) with Special Reference to Solar Photovoltaic Applications [PDF Full Paper]


Olimjon Saidmamatov, Urgench State University, Uzbekistan, Is Green Fiscal Policy as a Driver for Green Energy Economy: Empirical Evidence from Developing Countries [PDF Full Paper]


Rahul Shukla, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India, “Construction” of a Sustainable Energy Source: The Case of Jatropha in Indian Context [PDF Full Paper]