UNESCO Chair in Technologies for Development: What is Essential?
4-6 June 2014 | EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
AM – 10.30-12:30 – Thurs. 5 June 2014 – SwissTech Convention Centre
PM – 14.30-16:30 – Thurs. 5 June 2014 – Lavaux Vineyards
Universal access to energy involves a comprehensive approach to developing and deploying clean, affordable and reliable solutions in a sustainable and scalable way. This session aims to explore key leanings and success factors to provide access to energy to remote or resource-poor communities in a global perspective. This involves considering a large panel of appropriate technologies from energy production, distribution and storage to safe and efficient usage. The comprehensive outlook requires considering the whole life cycle of the products and solutions as well as the entire value chain including all the stakeholders, from global to local players in the private sector, public authorities and civil society alike.
- Stevens Lucy, Practical Action (United Kingdom), Towards Universal Energy Access: The Energy Market System Framework
- Mayer-Tasch Lucius, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) (Germany), Promotion of Productive Use of Energy in Developing Countries – An Overview of Existing Approaches
- Mattarolo Lorenzo, Politecnico di Milano (Italy), An Integrated Monitoring & Evaluation Approach for the Assessment of Energy Technologies-related Projects
- Ngounou Guy Merlin, Ecole Nationale Supérieure Polytechnique de Yaoundé (Cameroon) and Gonin Michaël, University of Lausanne (Switzerland), Holistic Approach to Sufficient, Reliable, and Efficient Electricity Supply in Hospitals of Developing Countries – Cameroon Case Study
- Devaux Rémi, Schneider Electric (France), Energizing rural communities in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Toniniaina Arifenitra Rakotozanakajy, Assoc. Jeunes Intellectuels Promoteurs et Acteurs de Développ. (Madagascar), Hydroelectric Network: Villagers, Energy and Environmental Stakes
The members of urban, rural and remote communities need sustainable development support in order to create jobs alleviate poverty, to improve the human skills, to use the technological innovations and communication platforms/systems and services if possible by the cheapest way. In order to do so they need an open multidisciplinary platform and system, thinking and supporting their living environment which can be facilitated by the Living Labs. The Living Lab approach provides its user group with an opportunity to develop a much deeper understanding of how the various components in their functional environment operate and interrelate. Living Lab leaders from various countries are invited to describe and explain by their experiences, which frameworks, incentives, catalysts and policies they developed or they are using. In summary: What are successful processes to develop and deploy essential technologies?
- Kaabi Lotfi, Tunisian Presidency (Tunisia), Dignity Corps, An Innovative Approach to Eradicate Poverty. The Tunisian Model
- Sow Adama, Media & ICT Expert (Senegal), Media Living Lab Concept for Sub-Saharan Africa
- Pudjiatie Chandra Rinie, Aflatoun, Child Savings International (Netherlands), The Co-Production of Aflateen Digital E-Learning Platform
- BaOthman Fatmah, King Abdul Aziz University (Saudi Arabia), Living-Labs as E-learning Cloud Environment: Reforming GCC Educational System
- Pamuksüzer Ersin, Basaksehir Living-Lab (Turkey), Living-Labs For Community Development and Start-Up Businesses through the Experiences of Basaksehir Living Lab, Turkey
The session focuses on the processes by which teams of students and professors from rich universities collaborate with communities. This is a focus on the dynamics of innovation, which place equal weight on the result (a technology to solve a specific problem) and the process by which that result is obtained (which knowledge is brought in and how, how does the involvement of the community guarantees their ownership over the solution and thus makes it sustainable). Additionally, we would like to encourage authors to think on the ways and dynamics by which a specific process in one community can produce knowledge for other communities. In this we will privilege those cases in which we can see that the knowledge production process is guided or at least involves significantly the members of the community.
- Ceperley Natalie, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland), Lessons Learned From a North-South, International, Cross-Cultural, Inter-Institutional, and Interdisciplinary Research-Development Project Aimed to Benefit “Base of the Pyramid” Farmers with Hi-Tech Research
- Faborode Michael & Ogunwande Gholabo, Obafemi Awolowo University (Nigeria), Development of a Bio-digester and Biogas stove for Rural Women Entrepreneurs
- González Forero Ana María, FEM, Foundation For Multidimensional Education (Colombia), My Home Is a Lab. UPYA, Post-Disaster Housing Solution in Sincerín, Colombia
- Lleras Manrique Ernesto, Universidad de los Andes (Colombia), Learning Communities for Local Economic and Technological Development in Bogota
- Pedersen Signe, Aalborg University (Denmark), Design With People – Locals as Co-Creators
- Srinivas Sudarshan & Shrivastava Sunil, Reliance Foundation (India), Co-design is Co-Commitment to Sustainability: Marginal Farming Communities Experiences in Creating Rainwater Harvesting Technologies Jointly with Reliance Foundation
- Ndwe Tembalethu Jama, Rhodes University (South Africa), Methodologies Utilized in the Co-design of IVR Systems in Vulnerable and Poor Communities
With increased participation in global health among clinicians, public health workers, engineers and computer scientists, the risk of fragmentation of purpose and redundancy of effort is increased. The lack of coordinated and tailored delivery onto an organized framework persists as a major obstacle to progress. Currently, healthcare initiatives are often developed by the donor country; subsequent isolated ad hoc implementations may result in insufficient consideration for the specific needs of the population and/or critical factors of social, cultural and political context. Though technological solutions such as mobile health or mHealth are appealing in theory, when applied indiscriminately to a weak healthcare infrastructure they often result in insignificant or short-lived impact.
- Meyers David, Tufts University School of Medicine (United States), Creating a Culture of Quality Health Care in Resource Limited Clinical and Community Settings; A Necessary Prerequisite to Technological Intervention
- Raghu Arvind, University of Oxford (United Kingdom), Lessons from the Evaluation of a Clinical Decision Support Tool for Cardiovascular Disease Risk Management in Rural India
- Quesada Jose Eugenio, Asia Pacific College (Philippines), Building an Ecosystem to Provide Sustainable eHealth Technical Capability for the Philippines
- Springer David, University of Oxford (United Kingdom), Evaluating Open-source mHealth Solutions to Chronic Disease Management in Resource-Poor Settings
- Katanu Jane, Medic Mobile (Kenya), Mobile Technology as a Tool for Incentivizing Community Health Workers & to Improve Utilization of Maternal and Child Health Services in Low-Income Countries
- Bosl William, University of San Francisco (United States), Integrated Information Technology for Low-cost Community-based Pediatric Psychiatric Healthcare
Presenters will be asked to describe new or ongoing work to demonstrate causal linkages between a technological intervention (such as an improved cookstove) and potential health, income, social, or behavioral outcomes. The focus will be techniques and tools used to measure impact, as well as the ways that experimental data are fed back into the redesign of pro-poor innovations.
- Winter Amos, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States), Balancing Depth and Breadth while Experimentally Validating Medical Technologies for Developing and Emerging Markets
- Chang Angela, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States) and Tilahun Lidet, One Laptop per Child (Ethiopia), Data Collection for Literacy Tablet Reading Project in Rural Ethiopia
- Das Abhijit, Kandi Raj College (India), Essentials in a Technology for Development: From Field Experiences on Arsenic Mitigation Technology Deployment Strategy in India
- Wilson Daniel, University of California, Berkeley (United States), Comparing Cookstove Usage Measured with Sensors Versus Cell Phone-Based Surveys in Darfur, Sudan
- Thomas Evan, Portland State University (United States), Use of Electronic Sensors to Improve the Effectiveness of Environmental Health Interventions In Developing Countries
Over half the global population lives in an urban environment. There are significant socio-economic promises which stimulate migration to the city. However, the urban impoverished suffer from poor housing, infrastructure and job prospects. What technologies exist or are necessary for cities of the future to deliver social equity and economic prosperity to its poorest residents?
- Gómez-Galvarriato Freer Margarita, Université Catholique de Louvain (Belgium), Essential Sustainable Water-use Technology: Learning from Mexico City’s Urban Poor
- Meikle Amber, Practical Action (United Kingdom), Technology Justice in Urban Service Provision
- Patil Abhay, Yeshwantrao Chavan College of Engineering (India), Critical Study of Utilization of Silico Manganese Slag – A Non-Biodegradable Waste Material as Coarse and Fine Aggregates in Plain and Reinforced Cement Concrete
- Nwaichi Eucharia Oluchi, University of Port Harcourt (Nigeria), Enhanced Phytoremediation of Crude Oil-Polluted Soil by Four Common Native Plants: Effect of Inorganic and Organic Fertilizer Amendments
Rapid increases in technology development and access have made mobile phones and computing increasingly ubiquitous in the developing world. This session aims to answer three related questions about DRR: 1) Which technologies are allowing governments to be more transparent and connected to local populations? 2) What technologies are helping local actors share information with their governments and among each other? 3) What policies are being put into place to encourage local-to-national information sharing for DRR? Papers that integrate more than one of these topics are encouraged, and can feature case studies, statistical and policy analysis, and mixed method approaches. Authors should explain the technology or policy process, frame it in a social or development theory, and explain the observed or intended outcome of the technology or policy.
- Vasilescu Veronica, Politecnico di Torino (Italy), Share for Care. Communication Technologies and Social Inclusion for Empowerment in Guayaquil, Ecuador
- Relhan Gaurav, The World Bank (United States), Municipal Information and Communications Technologies Capacity and its Impact on the Climate-Change Affected Urban Poor: The Case of Mozambique
- Fernández Polcuch Ernesto, UNESCO Regional Office for Science in Latin America and the Caribbean (Uruguay), Mainstreaming Indigenous Knowledge Systems to Science, Technology and Innovation Policies as a Strategy to Reach the Essential
- Garrity David, GVA Research LLC (United States), Mobile Financial Services in Disaster Relief: Modeling Sustainability
How can we Facilitate Deployment and Access to Renewable Energy through Technology and Infrastructure Development? The session will cover the following key thematic areas: Power Technology and Infrastructure; Heating and Cooling Technologies; Buildings and Transport.
- Bharadwaj Ritu, Institute for Industrial Productivity (India), Green Mini Grids: Evidence From India Experience Providing Learnings for Scale Up In Low Income Countries
- Walwyn David R., University of Pretoria (South Africa), Local Government Impedes the Implementation of Renewable Technologies
- Sinha Shirish, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (India), Large Scale Diffusion of Thermal Gasifier in India’s Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises: Experience and Opportunities
- Singhal Sudhir, Indian Institute of Petroleum (India), A Case Study of Sustainable Village Energy Security Project in India
This session is set at the intersection of healthcare and technology, focusing on medical devices. The session is built around the following interdependent themes: 1) Design and innovations which are socially responsible; 2) Less is More: Design for sustainability – ecological economic and social implications; 3) The role of private sector in creating sustainable and inclusive designs and innovations; 4) The role of social entrepreneurs, NGO’s, local organizations and academic institutions in supporting inclusive design and innovations; 5) Predicting the health trajectories and appropriate policy interventions; 6) Evaluation of interventions.
- Dotz Dara, 3DPforHealth (Haiti), A Pilot of 3D Printing of Medical Devices In Haiti
- Syson Michael, Ateneo de Manila University (Philippines), Electronic Health: Using ICT to Enhance the Directly Observed Treatment Short-course Compliance Assessment Tool of the Philippine Plan to Control TB
- Kubicki Andrea, Michigan Technological University, Bringing Healthcare to Rural Ghana
- Chavarriaga Ricardo, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland), Designing Suitable Assistive Technology for the Population with Motor Disabilities in Colombia
This session will feature representatives of technology providers, from different sectors, discussing their companies’ experiences deploying specific technology solutions in developing countries. Participants will identify those factors that supported the sustainable deployment of the technologies in question, as well as the diffusion of related know-how. Particular attention will be paid to factors that could be readily replicated in other markets.
- Mages Allison, General Electric (United States), GE Healthcare’s End-to-End Approach to Building Biomanufacturing Capacity through KUBio
- Needham Paul, Simpa Networks (India), Financing New Business Models to Expand Energy Access in Emerging Markets: A Case Study and Recommendations for Development Finance
- Parthasarathy Balaji, International Institute of Information Technology (India), Innovating for the Bottom of the Pyramid: Case Studies in Healthcare from India
- Tronchon Stephane, Qualcomm (United States), How Technical Innovation Can Improve Healthcare Access and Delivery: Cases from South Africa and China