UNESCO Chair in Technologies for Development: What is Essential?
4-6 June 2014 | EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland
PM – 14.30-17:00 – Wed. 4 June 2014 – SwissTech Convention Centre
Water treatment and sanitation technologies are undoubtedly essential. Nevertheless provision of is not always successful when moving from pilot facilities to widespread scaling up. This session will cover the entire chain of technology innovation from initial lab-based research work, to field-testing and highlight ways on how to provide proof of concept for radical technology innovations in the field of water and sanitation. The breakout session will focus on point-of-use treatment options, scalable low-cost user interfaces and low maintenance waste treatment processes.
- Dutta Venkatesh, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar (Central) University (India), Cleanala-Wet Systems: A Low-Cost Decentralized Technology for Treating Wastewater in a Developing City
- Etter Bastian, Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Switzerland), VUNA – Scaling Up Nutrient Recovery from Urine
- Larsen Tove A., Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Switzerland), Sanitation Innovation for Urban Slums: The Blue Diversion Toilet
- Olschewski André, Skat Foundation (Switzerland), The Technology Applicability Framework (TAF) – A Participatory Tool to Validate Low-Income urban WASH Technologies
- Seck Alsane, Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar (Senegal), Technology Development of Unplanted Drying Beds for Resource Recovery from Faecal Sludge: Fuel Production in Sub-Sahara Africa
- Tangka Julius, University of Dschang (Cameroon), Atmospheric and Ground Water Pollution from Sewage in Douala City Cameroon: Performance Evaluation of an Experimental Waste Water Treatment Plant Coupled with Methane Capture and Use from Septic Systems
Understanding the context in which technologies are implemented and mobilizing appropriate governance cultures are important factors for improving the effectiveness of disaster risk reduction. The session will aim to identify what are the prerequisites for essential technologies to succeed in difficult context conditions, for example when: (a) the perception of the technology and how it can contribute to increasing welfare is not positive; (b) interested and affected parties do not agree about the need or ways to deploy a technology, and the resources to be allocated to its implementation (c) infrastructures are lacking; or (d) regulatory framework and incentives are weak.
- Xu Jianhua, Peking University (China), Risk Perception in Natural Disaster Management
- Figueroa Raul, Carnegie Mellon University (United States), Reducing the Risk of Building Collapse Catastrophes through Technology and Policy
- Edralin Monica, Local Emergency Assessment and Response Network (Philippines), The Local Emergency Assessment and Response Network: Capacity-Building and Collaboration for Disaster Risk Reduction and Emergency Response
- Hossain Md Khalid, RMIT University (Australia), Deployment of Biotechnology for Climate Change Adaptation and the Risk of Maladaptation in Bangladesh: An Agricultural Seed Industry Perspective
- Tiwari Prakash C., Kumaon University Nainital (India), Urban Growth and Assessment of its Natural and Socio-economic Risks in High Mountain Ecosystems: A Geospatial Framework for Institutionalizing Urban Risk Management in Himalaya
The session aims at analyzing efforts in up-scaling cleaner and more efficient energy solutions for poor people in developing countries by addressing the following questions: What are factors along the whole value chain and in the institutional, social, but also environmental space that enable up-scaling of improved pro-poor technologies? Are there differences between energy carriers or in different contexts? What are most promising entry points for up-scaling?
- Kung Kevin, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (United States), Techno-Economic Feasibility of Green Charcoal Production in Kenya: A Case Study
- Gadgil Ashok, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (United States), Lessons Learned from Up-Scaling Pro-Poor solutions: Energy Efficient Light-bulbs, Drinking Water Treatment, and Cookstoves
- Zappia Maria Teresa, BlueOrchard Finance S.A. (Switzerland), Microfinance Innovation to Foster Green Technology Development
- Mirza Bilal, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (Pakistan), Perception and Satisfaction with Renewable Energy Technologies (RETs): The Case of Solar Villages in Pakistan
- Zalengera Collen, Loughborough University (United Kingdom), Putting the End-user First: Towards Addressing the Contesting Values in Renewable Energy Systems Deployment for Low Income Households – A Case of Likoma Island in Malawi
- Jain Abhishek, University of Cambridge (United Kingdom), Decision Making and Planning Framework to Improve the Deployment Success of Decentralized Rural Electrification in India
This panel will bring together pioneers and practitioners of various open approaches in science and technology to discuss the opportunities, challenges and synergies in supporting South to South and South to North cooperation for development. Citizen science activities in Yogyakarta (Indonesia) and Bangalore (India) for environmental monitoring, projects, such as the Open Drug Discovery for malaria (Australia) and Open Genomic Data for disaster response (China), but also Open Hardware innovation for affordable laboratory equipment around the world (DIYbio and hackteria networks) define a new paradigm, which needs reflection and evaluation. One of the aims of this panel is to create visibility for these projects, which are successful in their local context, but would benefit from more feedback and support by the international community. They offer a new paradigm for defining an International Development agenda for science and technology cooperation, which involves the Global South as an equal partner. The panel will map and reflect upon these initiatives and case studies. We would like to understand the opportunities and problems these initiatives and networks face and define best practices as well as policy recommendations to support these trends. While some projects concentrate on building research infrastructure and networks around open source technologies, other emphasize the power of crowdsourcing and various e-science and citizen science models of work, which involve the citizens in various data collection practices. These initiatives and projects offer unique opportunities not only for developing countries, but also original models for global scientific collaborations.
- Levine Gabriella, Tisch School of the Arts (United States), Open Source Hardware Biomimetic Snake Robot as a Toolkit for Monitoring and Exploring Marine Environments
- Arofatullah Nur Akbar, Gadjah Mada University (Indonesia), Open Hardware Webcam Microscope and its Impact on Citizen Science Jogja River Project
- Prijambada Irfan Dwidya, Gadjah Mada University (Indonesia), Intersection of DIY (do it yourself) and DIWO (do it with others) Approaches in Sharing Microbiology Know-how to Benefit Communities
- Ettinger Kate, University of California, San Francisco (United States), Open Issues and A Proposal for Open Data Monitoring to Assure Quality, Reliability and Safety in Health Care Devices Targeting Low and Middle Income Countries
- Sambuli Nanjira, iHub Research (Kenya), Crowdsourcing Citizen-Generated Data for Open Science: A Case Study from the 2013 Kenya General Elections
- Edmunds Scott, GigaScience/BGI Hong Kong Ltd. (Hong Kong), GigaScience: Open Publishing for the Big Data Era
What are the key factors of success in developing, deploying and scaling-up essential medical technologies, for a sustainable impact on public health? For this session, participants are invited to reflect on innovative strategies and key factors of success, as well as the main roadblocks and difficulties undermining the process of developing and deploying essential medical devices in a sustainable way. Four phases can be identified in the process, which are in close interaction with each other. The subject of private sector involvement is pervasive in all these phases and should serve as a common thread: 1) Ideation; 2) Research & Development; 3) Deployment and 4) Scaling-up. Last but not least, discussing failures may be highly interesting! Case studies and lessons learnt from failures may bring a unique value to the debate.
- Velazquez Berumen Adriana, World Health Organization (Switzerland), Appropriate and Affordable Medical Devices in Low Resource Countries: A Perspective from WHO and other UN Organizations
- Lecomte Chloé, Grenoble Institute of Technology (France), Understanding the “Non Trade-Offs” for a Better Frugal Design in Health Care Sector (India)
- Huijs Jan, HEART Consultancy (Netherlands), An Autoclave for the Rest of Us
- Hamner Samuel, D-Rev: Design Revolution (United States), ReMotion Knee: Scaling of an Affordable Prosthetic Knee for Developing Countries
- Okumu Fredros, Ifakara Health Institute (Tanzania), The Ifakara Wellness Box: A Low-Cost Mosquito Control Device that also Supplies Essential Electrical Power