A Vision for the Urban Environment
As urban environments in developing and emerging countries rapidly evolve and change, their populations benefit from robust social and economic development but also face major challenges in attaining sustainable development and reducing poverty. Seeking to understand these challenges, CODEV undertakes research to develop the most appropriate technologies and methodologies together with a wide range of international partners.
- NEWS: Higher education and research on urban development in Haiti
- PUBLICATION : Urban Planning in Africa: Which Alternative for Poor Cities? The Case of Koudougou in Burkina Faso
- WORKSHOP:Expert and Student Seminars on Urban Planning Methods and Instruments in Belgrade
- NEWS: Finalist EPFL doctorate Award 2015 – Fernanda Maria Lonardoni
- SEMINAR : Launch of the EU research project “Port-au-Prince: between urban vulnerabilities and growth”
- COLLABORATION: Montes Claros – Brazil, intermediate city and urban planning
- PUBLICATION : Rental housing and the urban poor: understanding the growth and production of rental housing in Brazilian favelas
- PUBLICATION: Prosperity and Social Inequalities: Montes Claros, How to Plan an Intermediary City in Brazil
- SEMINAR: 1st results of the EU research project “Port-au-Prince: construction of a carribean metropolis”
- A reflection on urban planning –synergy between theories, methods and instruments – is posed with high priority when it comes to cities located in developing countries; in particular with respect to small and medium-sized cities, with the highest rates of population growth; and where their authorities who suffer most from the lack of financial and human resources to be able to anticipate and address these issues. Hence the question whether there is indeed urban planning really appropriate to these contexts and able to resolve the issues confronted by the stakeholders, and not a simple replication of Western models.
CODEV (EPFL) and University of Quisqueya UniQ / Port-au-Prince. In collaboration with the RESCIF.
- Capacity building – reinforcement of the Centre de Recherche et d’Appui aux Politiques Urbaines (CRAPU) of the University of Quisqueya (uniQ) including the support by EPFL’s researchers (A. Kern fellow of the board of the Center, Prof. J.-C. Bolay invited Professor).
- Launching a Master in Urban Management and Planning, provided by uniQ and supported by EPFL, intends to give, for the first time in Haiti, a multidisciplinary course combining the fields of environmental sciences, civil engineering and the environment. A two-year course open to, inter alia, engineers and architects, this Masters aims to understand cities in all their complexity. Considering this plural nature, its ambition is to foster both exchanges and collaborations among different disciplines (e.g. civil engineering, sociology, history, architecture, anthropology, economics, and geography) around one common subject: the city.
EPFL and University of Quisqueya UniQ / Port-au-Prince. In collaboration with the University of Paris 8 and the Université d’Etat d’Haiti. Funded by European Union (2014-2016)
- This two-year project aims to understand the main mechanisms of growth in the Haitian capital following the earthquake of 12 January 2010, while building the research capacities of Haiti’s universities. Drawing on the work carried out, stakeholders are able to reflect further on issues related to the city and urban planning, to support the creation of relevant public policies, and to inform decision-making on urban-related issues.
- The Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) and the University of Quisqueya (uniQ), are in charge of one of the project’s three priority areas which focuses on “The informal systems that produce the city”.
- The goal is to deliver scientific knowledge to: reflect further on development, in particular, urban development, cast a fresh light on the issue for relevant stakeholders, and inform decision-making for public stakeholders. Specific outcomes will include doctoral theses on the spatial, social, economic, ecological, geopolitical (governance) and urban planning aspects of transformations under way in the geographical area studied.
- This project is also addressed to other large cities in Haiti, the Caribbean or beyond, and generally aims to contribute to the study of growth in developing urban areas that have suffered disastrous events.
CODEV (EPFL). In collaboration with IAUS (Institute of Architecture and Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia). Funded by SCOPES 2013-2016.
- This project aims to support the gradual building of a new heuristic approach to urban issues in the context of the post-socialist transition in Serbia, in parallel with the empowerment of the scientific community, the stakeholders and a set of civil organizations dealing with urban development and management, governance, as well as with urban planning methods and instruments. Long-term goals are to address biased decision making processes, insufficient and weak institutional regulations, provisory evaluation, controlling and monitoring systems for plans, policies and projects.
- While revolving around the exchange and transfer of knowledge and experience, this collaboration will address: urban planning methods and instruments for urban research in a post-socialist transition context; public participation and transparency in decision making, tracing power relations in the real estate market, identifying legal constraints when dealing with the lack of social impact assessment and maladjustment of urban and strategic projects. All activities are categorized in thematic entities according to the systematization of ongoing urban issues in Serbia in terms of urban planning methodologies, public participation, decision making, and urban governance. The project will establish an on-line data base for its results, and will provide an accompanying booklet of recommendations.
CODEV (EPFL) and Department of Urban Planning, Xi’An Jiatong – Liverpool University XJTLU / Suzhou
- Feeding the Chinese cities. Exploring the urban demand of local food and its implication for the urban-rural fringe management.
- Policies and design solutions for preserving a cultural landscape.
- Re-programming Dongshan Peninsula in Tai Lake.
- Conceiving the rural in coastal China: The historic fringe versus the connected fringe.
- Designing the future of the system of rural villages around Tai Lake.
Governance & Planning in Intermediate Cities in Haiti: Lessons Learned from a Multidimensional Crisis. Abigaïl-Laure Kern.
- The primary goal of this research is to study governance in the medium-sized cities of developing countries, urban entities that have received little attention compared to the abundant literature concerning megalopolises or large cities, on the one hand, and that concerning the countryside, on the other. To ease the task of their definition, this research will thus focus on certain aspects of these cities, which will be defined by their function of ‘intermediaries’. Another methodological choice of this research is to examine the governance of intermediate cities in developing countries in a specific context, such as a crisis or an emergency situation, based on the assumption that a crisis may be a catalyst for tension, but may also reveal existing structures as well as impact their transformation.
- The situation of intermediate cities in Haiti in the aftermath of the earthquake of 12 January 2010 appears, in this respect, to be particularly relevant. The emergency urban governance that ensued provides an opportunity to rethink, in broader terms, governance in the cities of developing countries, by multiplying its effects, in particular in terms of the number of those involved in this process.
- Two theories of social sciences — multi-level analysis and the governance analytical framework GAF— seem to be the most likely methods to provide a theoretical basis for a study of emergency urban governance in a context of extreme vulnerability and natural disasters, to suggest concrete courses of action and to create the tools for a possible replication in other developing countries’ medium-sized cities
- The overall objective of this research project is to critically address, break down and recompose the urban development process in transitional countries through a set of analyses that encompasses top-down urban planning strategies, tactical urban transformations, and bottom-up participatory urban design operations. In this highly competitive international economic and political arena, transitional countries experience grave consequences within this new context of market economy, decentralized political and administrative powers, a lack of resources, the scarcity of general international investment and scant interest for dramatic shifts in all aspects of social organization and spatial transformations. In this way, urban reality in post-socialist cities is seen as a complex, multi-layered network of causes and effects that evidence the production of contextual resources and also the challenge of urban conflict through interaction and interconnections among people, built environment and infrastructure, space, regulatory framework, and social practices. This is carried out through a multi-agent system and actor-network theory (MAS-ANT) methodological approach in order to overlap urban scenarios from different levels of decision making on the case study of Savamala, a historical yet deteriorating quarter of central Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. This model aims to contribute to sustainable urban development by: (1) improving life and the functionality of urban structures and systems, (2) effectively addressing the tensions between top-down and bottom-up urban planning, (3) reinventing a more inclusive and flexible approach to urban issues, and (4) generating urbanity and producing urban intelligence.
- The author’s doctoral research is primarily focused on analysing the issue of rural urbanisation as a key sustainable development challenge – based on the conviction that rural areas today must be studied on their own account and no longer simply understood as the counterpart to urban areas (Wood, 2010). In China, vast rural areas are currently undergoing “modernisation” via the application of a generic, expansive urban model. This modernisation is evidenced in the creation of new towns and road infrastructures – a process that simultaneously homogenises the complex reality of both rural practices and regional characteristics, flying in the face of natural resource availability and significant climatic and cultural disparities (Friedmann, 2005). This forced coexistence of urban models conceived ex-nihilo (top-down) and the reality of a rural area (bottom-up) generates interactions – and major tensions, too. The futures of urban areas and rural areas are inescapably intertwined. Prospective analysis of the globalisation phenomenon from the perspective of rural areas is crucial here: these rural areas may contain within themselves the potential to shape new identities, enabling China to generate a new, integrated model of regional intervention that will be absolutely vital in the long term (Hassenflug, 2010).
Urban Development Model of a Post-socialist City in a Transitional Country: Case Study of Savamala Neighbourhood, Belgrade, Serbia. Marija Cvetinovic.
Densifying Rural Territories: China, from Massive Growth Patterns to more Sustainable Urban Planning. Marlène Leroux.
- The role of governance in promoting a global sustainable approach of urban development through specific current and future projects, like the current project in Hongqia Transportation Hub (Shanghai) which is aimed to develop a government supervision framework of energy efficiency in the sector of public buildings (funded).
- Case Studies: Caoyang Workers Village in Shanghai
2011: Role of governance in promoting urban sustainable development.
2012: Participatory processes in urban development projects: methodological issues.
- This interdisciplinary project is aimed at assessing the impacts of climate change on the coastal territories in the Delta of Mekong and the periphery of Ho Chi Minh City, and their influence on planned urbanization in these areas. Given the environmental and socioeconomic risks incurred, the project will attempt to measure the resulting vulnerability on resident populations (pending financial aid).
- An Inexpensive Method to Validate Road Transport Emission Inventories
- Urbanisation, espaces publics et gestion urbaine durable en Afrique de l’Ouest: processus d’exclusion et d’intégration sociale à Dakar et Nouakchott
- Environnement urbain et disparités sociales en Amérique Latine
- Favela, Habitats of Tenants: Constraints and Alternatives of Rental Housing for the Poor in Brazil. Fernanda Lonardoni.
- Urban Planning and Social Practices in African slums: Case Studies in Doula and Kigali. Benjamin Michelon.[Prix spécial de la Thése sur la ville APERAU 2012].
- 2011-15, RESCIF : Appui à l’université Quisquaya, Port-au-Prince, Haïti, à la mise en place du CRAPU (Centre de recherche et d’appui aux politiques urbaines) -> Participation à l’élaboration d’un futur master en urbanisme ; nomination en qualité de professeur invité (dès 2015).
- 2009, Commission Européenne, 7e programme cadre de recherche : Membre de la commission d’experts d’évaluation et sélection des projets de recherche, appel « Cities and Sustainable Development », Bruxelles
- 2008, Evaluation du programme CORUS (Coopération de recherche universitaire et scientifique, phase 2002-2007), MAEE, Gouvernement français
- 2007, Au profit de F3E et Association Quartiers du Monde (Paris), sur la base d’appel d’offre international : Evaluation externe ex-post du projet « Quartiers du Monde : Histoires urbaines »
- 2006-2007, Evaluation du programme de coopération internationale TWIZE, Pour le GRET (Groupe de recherche et d’échanges technologiques), Paris. Avec Jérôme Chenal. Nouakchott, Mauritanie
- 2005-2006 En collaboration avec URBAPLAN dans le cadre d’une mise au concours internationale organisé par le Ministère français des Affaires Etrangères.
- Evaluation du Programme de Recherche Urbaine en Développement (PRUD – organisé par GEMDEV et ISTED, 32 projets internationaux)
- Bolay, J.C., Chenal, J., and Pedrazzini, Y. (Eds.) (To be published). Learning from the Slums: The Habitat of the Urban Poor in the Making of Emerging Cities. Springer International Publishing.
- Kern A.-L., Leroux M., Bolay J.-C. “The intermediate role of Medium sized cities in China between ultra-dense rural areas and ultra large cities” In : Verdini G., Wang Y., Zhang X., (Eds) (forthcoming). Urban China’s Rural Fringe. Actors, dimensions and management challenges. (Aldershot: Ashgate).
- Kern, A.-L., Bolay, J.-C. (2013). “Participatory processes in urban planning projects in China: the example of Caoyang Village, Shanghai” in Bolay J-C., Hostettler S. & Hazboun E. (Eds) Technologies for Sustainable Development, a way to reduce poverty? Springer. Paris. pp. 209-224.
- Bolay, J.-C. and Kern, A.-L. (2012). Technology and Cities: What Type of Development is Appropriate for Cities in the South. Ciudades Intermedias. Dimensiones y definiciones. Lleida, Spain: Editorial Milenio
- Kern, A.-L., Bolay, J.-C. and Thanh, L.N. (2012). Peri-Urbanisation and the Vulnerability of Population to the Effects of Climate Change in Southern Vietnam: Innovating Solutions in Research. Technologies and Innovations for Development. Scientific Cooperation for a Sustainable Development, Paris: Springer
- Bolay, J.-C. (2011). What Sustainable Development for the Cities of the South? Urban Issues for a Third Millennium. International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development
- Bolay, J.-C. (2011). Une Afrique urbaine au-delà de la survie, vers une planification à la hauteur des enjeux. revue Collage 5_2011, October 2011, FSU (Fédération suisse des urbanistes), 5 pp. 7-10
- Bolay, J.-C. and Kern, A.-L. (2011). Changements globaux et développement: Quelle durabilité pour les villes du Sud
- Bolay, J.-C. (2011). Slum Upgrading in Developing Countries
- Bolay, J.-C. (2011). Slum Upgrading Interdisciplinary Perspective and Intersectoral Action. Proceedings of the World Planning Schools Congress 2011
- Bolay, J.-C. and Kern, A. (2011). Technology and Cities: What Type of Development Is Appropriate for Cities of the South? Journal of Urban Technology, 18:3, 25-43
- Lonardoni Fernanda Maria (2009) Tenancy inside slums: constrains and alternatives for the housing access: A case-study in Serrinha, South Brazil. Annals ISARC21 Conference, São Paulo
- Michelon, Benjamin (2008) Kigali: Une urbanisation entre modernisation et réconciliation. Revue Urbanisme, N° 363, Novembre-Décembre 2008, pp. 33-38
- Bolay, J.-C. and Lieberherr, F. (2007) La pauvreté urbaine: Un défi mondial. Cahier de la coopération, N° 5
- Michelon, Benjamin (2007) Le quotidien à Douala. Revue Urbanisme, N° 353, Mars-Avril 2007, pp. 25-30
- Bolay, J.-C. (2006) Slums and Urban Development: Questions on Society and Globalisation. The European Journal of Development Research, Vol. 18 N° 2, June 2006, pp. 284-298
- Repetti A., Soutter M. and Musy A., (2006) Introducing SMURF: A software system for monitoring urban functionalities, Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 30pp. 686-707
- Bolay, J.-C., Pedrazzini, Y., Rabinovich, A., Catenazzi, A. and Pleylan, C.G. (2005) Urban environment, spatial fragmentation and social segregation in Latin America: Where does innovation lie? Habitat International N° 29, issue 4, December 2005, pp. 627-645
- University of Quisqueya UniQ, Port-au-Prince (Haïti) Xi’an Jiatong – Liverpool University, Suzhou (China)
- Institute of Architecture and Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia, Belgrade (Serbia)
- Universidad EAN, Bogota (Colombia)
- Architecture and Planning Department, University College Dublin (Ireland)
- UNESCO and the International Union of Architects (IUA): Network on “Intermediate cities and world urbanisation”, University of Lleida (Spain)
- The Charles Léopold Mayer Foundation for the Progress of Humankind (fph)
- N-Aerus, the Network-Association of European Researchers on Urbanisation in the South