2015

 

Phylogeny and drug resistance of Mycobacterium leprae in Ethiopia

Stewart Cole (UPCOLE / SV)

The aim of the LEPVAR project is to start a new scientific collaboration between the Armauer Hansen Research Institute (AHRI) in Ethiopia and the Global Health Institute (GHI) at EPFL in order to study the dynamics of leprosy transmission, to investigate the diversity of the leprosy bacillus and to establish the drug resistance level in Ethiopia. Leprosy remains a major obstacle for development and Ethiopia accounts for 20.1% of the reported new cases in the continent of Africa.


Antibiotics in sediments and antibiotic resistance genes in the intensive shrimps farms in Southern Vietnam

Luiz Felippe de Alencastro (GR-CEL / ENAC)

Our previous studies found high concentrations of antibiotics in the surface water in intensive shrimp farming in Can Gio, Hochiminh city and Long An province (Southern Vietnam) (Dinh et al, 2014). However, the concentrations of these antibiotics in the sediments are unknown. This project aims at determining the concentrations and mechanism of adsorption – desorption of antibiotics in sediments and also to identify antibiotics resistances in the intensive shrimp farming.

 

A multigenerational framework to study urban awareness through mobile sensing and collaborative action

Daniel Gatica-Pérez (LIDIAP / STI)

This project aims at implementing and validating a multigenerational framework to study urban awareness of three populations groups living in three cities in Central Mexico. The key idea is to integrate the collective action of seniors, youth, and young adults with participatory sensing, social media and crowdsourcing technologies, to document and scientifically quantify the perception of these urban environments, to address concrete sustainable urban development challenges defined by the communities, and to foster social cohesion across populations.

 

Near real-time ultrahigh-resolution imaging from unmanned aerial vehicles for sustainable land use management and biodiversity conservation in semi-arid savanna under regional and global change

Stéphane Joost  (LASIG / ENAC)

To prevent aggravation of existing poverty in semiarid savannas of SubSaharan Africa, a comprehensive concept for the sustainable adaptive management and use of these ecosystems under probable climate change is needed. SAVMAP aims at developing an innovative land monitoring strategy based on near realtime ultrahighresolution photographic imaging (NURI) via unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) developed at EPFL (Sensefly/Pix4D) and tested in semiarid savanna in the Western Kalahari in Namibia as well as in the Namib Desert. (LASIG / ENAC)

 

Campus-level Smart Grid demonstration project at Austral University

Mario Paolone (DESL – STI) 

The project aims at contributing to the development of a Smart Grid demonstration facility at campus-level in Austral University, by learning from EPFL’s experience. The output of this cooperation is the design, modelling and simulation of the Smart Grid concept to be deployed in the Austral University. This is the first step of a larger project aiming at real deployment of such a system, which is divided in three stages: smart metering, distributed energy resources and automatic control.

 

VERTICAL SLUMS/VERSATIL CITIES : Interdisciplinary research on hybrid urbanism and the construction of contemporary cities -Appeal about the Torre David in Caracas, Venezuela

Yves Pedrazzini (LASUR / ENAC)

Taken from the known example of the Torre David, but also from the bars of the “23 de Enero”, as well as few other formal/informal cases of architectural hybridization in Caracas, the project questions the place of “slums” through a global approach of the large contemporary cities of the South, both as a principle of urbanity and as a consequence of a segregated urbanization process.
The project thus questions the versatile nature of a city starting from the slum as a new urban icon, but also as a hybrid solution for the habitat of the poor.

 

Use of high-power pulsed microwave sources for clearance of improvised explosive devices

Farhad Rachidi (EMC / STI)

This project proposes a new line of research involving the generation of high-power pulsed microwave fields. The project expands existing cooperation between EPFL and National University of Colombia (UNC) on the use of electromagnetic signals for remote detonation and clearance of improvised explosive devices (IEDs). The project proposes the study of a microwave source called Virtual Cathode Oscillator (Vircator). Theoretical work developed at EPFL and at UNC will be complemented with experimental work supported by the use of a Vircator provided by Armasuisse.

 

Technology-­enabled innovative business models for participatory irrigation management in UP, India

Alain Wegmann (LAMS / IC)

This project will help the Indian State of Uttar Pradesh (UP) conduct a pilot study on the use of real-time sensing and monitoring technologies in fostering grassroots innovation for community-led management of irrigation services. The study will employ EPFL developed requirements engineering / business-design methods to promote community-led co-design of irrigation services. It will include the installation of wireless sensing equipment to model community response to real-time availability of canal-flow data.