2016

Etude de la performance et de la fiabilité des modules solaires PV en Afrique Subsaharienne 

Christophe Baillif  (PV Lab / STI)

Ce projet initie une collaboration entre le PV-LAB (EPFL) et le CIFRES (ESP-Sénégal) autour de la thématique relative aux performances et à la fiabilité des modules PV en milieu sahélien. Il servira de prétexte pour réaliser un mini-projet entre les deux laboratoires et au final d’exploiter les résultats pour soumissionner à des appels à projets de plus grande envergure. Il permettra au CIFRES et au PVLAB d’explorer ensemble toutes les opportunités qui rentrent dans leurs domaines de compétence.


Instability of thin reinforced concrete U-shaped walls under earthquake loading: Transferring knowledge and improving local experimental facilities to better assess and mitigate seismic risks

Katrin Beyer (EESD / ENAC)

Mid to high-rise reinforced concrete buildings constructed with thin walls and single layer of reinforcement are a common typology in some South American countries. Unfortunately, little is known about the potentially critical development of out-of-plane instability modes of U-shaped members during earthquake loading. The present project addresses this research gap in order to better estimate the seismic risk and enable appropriate remedial measures. An experimental campaign will be carried out by improving the laboratory testing abilities of the Colombian partners.


Clean energy financing in India

Dominique Foray  (CEMI / CDM)

The project with Simpa aims to identify bottlenecks that exist in the diffusion of clean energy solutions in rural parts of India. Students will be encouraged to identify business model and financial innovation to bring scalable solar energy solutions to off-grid areas in India. Simpa has an innovative solar energy financing model and is seeking to improve its solution in more areas. The CDM Chair of Economics and Management engages in innovation diffusion and a case study on Simpa Network’s ecosystem will be an interesting example to look into.

 

Plan d’expériences comme point d’appui pour le développement de compétences de recherche au Pérou  – PEPA PERU

Jean-Marie Fürbringer (SPH / SB)  

Enseigner le cours de planification d’expériences à des étudiants et des professeurs de manière à
1) faire connaître cette méthodologie dans le milieu académique du Pérou, 2) transférer ce savoir-faire pour que le cours soit intégré dans les cursus et enseigné par des professeurs locaux, 3) réaliser un Mooc sur la thématique des plans d’expériences et 4) créer une communauté de pratique autour de cette méthodologie pour supporter un développement de la recherche en science et technologie dans le milieu académique au Pérou

 

Ultra-rapid detection of antibiotic resistant bacteria, UDAR

Sandor Kasas (LPMV / SB)

The EPFL members of the team developed a device that detects in a timeframe of minutes antibiotic resistant bacteria. This technique is particularly interesting for slowly growing bacteria (SGB) such as those involved in tuberculosis or whooping cough and in studying the formation of biofilms. In order to validate and further ameliorate the technique we would like to implement the device in a laboratory that has a long experience in SGB and biofilm formation.


 

 

Contactless sensing and temperature regulation in an infant incubator for developing countries

Christophe Moser (LAPD / STI)

The development of contactless infrared infant temperature sensing and temperature regulation for an infant incubator adapted to the conditions of a district hospital in the global south. Technologies will be developed in close collaboration between LAPD, EPFL and DESE, IISc. Engineers at CURES, Cameroun, will also be involved it the project and field-­‐testing of the device will be performed at the three locations.

 

Telemedicine and modelling tools for optimising surveillance response of waterborne diseases in Burkina Faso

Andrea Rinaldo (ECHO / ENAC)

Waterborne diseases are a major global public health issue, in particular in sub-Saharan Africa. With TELMOSUR, we propose to develop a tool to support surveillance-response programs for waterborne diseases combining cutting-edge telemedicine technology with predictive mathematical models of disease transmission that incorporate local knowledge and environmental data. We focus on schistosomiasis in Burkina Faso, with a view on possible scaling to other diseases of public health importance. This proposal aims at kick-starting a multi- and trans- disciplinary research collaboration with local research institutions and NGOs to answer this challenge.

 

Computational and experimental design of low-cost solar cells with enhanced efficiencies

Ursula Röthlisberger (LCBC / SB)

In this project we aim at starting a joint computational-­‐experimental collaboration with the goal of fabricating low-­‐ cost environmentally friendly solar cells. Via this collaboration, the Seed Money grant will be partly used for equipping the Iranian partner with the minimum computational infrastructure and knowledge necessary for performing quantum calculations. The predictive results of these calculations will facilitate the fabrication process for the experimental partner in Iran.  Being located on the sun belt, Iran is an optimal potential market for cheap solar cells that can perform independent of the central electricity grid in rural desert areas.