Environnements, gestion des ressources
Determination of a Indicator system for assessing the Ecological Impact of Oil. Prospecting and Drilling in Colombia. Case Study: Province of Huila.
|Institution:||Colombian petroleum Association|
|Address:||Carrera 86 #20-21 piso 4,
|Phone:||+57 (1) 616 83 84-87|
|Institution:||Universidad Sur colombiana del Huila|
|Department:||Huila – Colombia|
|Address:||Avenida Pastrana Cra 1,
|Phone:||+57 (98) 875 24 39|
|Fax:||+57 (98) 874 54 43|
|Institute:||Institut des sciences et technlogies de l’environnement (ISTE)
Laboratoire de gestion des écosystèmes (GECOS)
|Faculty:||Environnement Naturel, Architectural et Construit (ENAC)|
1015 Lausanne, Suisse
|Phone:||+41 21 – 693 57 73|
|Fax:||+41 21 – 693 57 60|
The development of new projects related to the oil industry in populated or environmentally fragile regions may arise public concern about their environmental impact. Sometimes these concerns lead to public opposition to this kind of projects. In Colombia, these concerns are generally taken into consideration within environmental impact assessment (EIA). EIAs are time-consuming and expensive in Colombia, and sometimes the data in them presented cannot be assured reliable. Several factors led to this lack of reliability, e.g. poor definition of the sampling and analysis programs, and the inadequate selection of parameters aimed at appraising the impact.
This research is aimed at developing an ecological indicator system (EIS) suitable for assessing the impact of oil prospecting and drilling on natural ecosystems. These ecosystems are important constituents of the environment as a whole. The Department (political division equivalent to a federal state) of Huila (located at the southwest of Colombia) has been chosen as case-study region for this research.
EIS will allow obtaining reliable data from which the impacts on ecosystems will be assessed. In this way, most of the limitations of the current EIA procedure will be overcame. Depending on the results of an analysis of the existing infrastructure in Department of Huila, the data obtained could be incorporated into a spatially referenced information system. EIS will be a tool for continuous assessment of the condition of ecosystems that will allow the Colombian government and the oil industry to focus and act on priority environmental issues.