Airpollution-colombia

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Colombia

Air pollution science, management, demonstrative system

Since 1999

Summary



Establishment of a demonstrative air quality management system in the Sogamoso Valley, Colombia

Partner Institutions

Institution: Corporacíon Autonóma Regional de Boyacá (CORPOBOYACA)
(Regional environmental authority)
Address: Antigua vía a Paipa # 53-70
Tunja (Boyacá), Colombia
Phone: +57 (8) 743 20 73
Fax: +57 (8) 742 39 96
Direction: Alirio Rodriguez
Coordination: Juan Cetina
Institution: Alcaldia de Sogamoso (Municipality of Sogamoso)
Address: Edificio Administrativo, Plaza 6 de Septiembre
Sogamoso (Boyacá), Colombia
Phone: +57 (8) 770 20 40
Fax: +57 (8) 770 66 68
Direction: Edgar Espindola (Mayor)
Institution: Fundación Universitaria de Boyacá (UNIBOYACA)
School: Facultad de Ciencias e Ingeniería
Address: Carrera 2 Este # 64 – 169, Apartado Aereo 1118
Tunja (Boyacá), Colombia
Phone: +57 (8) 745 25 97
Fax: +57 (8) 745 00 44
Direction: Carlos R. Lara
Coordination: Adriana Cortazar
Institution: Universidad de los Andes (UNIANDES)
School: Facultad de Ingeniería
Departamento de Ingenieria Civil y ambiental
Address: Carrera 1 # 18A – 70, Apartado Aereo 4976
Bogotá (D.C.), Colombia
Phone: +57 (1) 332 43 14
Fax: +57 (1) 332 43 13
Direction: Dr. Diego Echeverry

EPFL

Institute: Institut des sciences et technlogies de l’environnement (ISTE)
Laboratoire de pollution atmosphérique et du sol (LPAS)
Faculty: Environnement Naturel, Architectural et Construit (ENAC)
Address: EPFL-LPAS- Bât. de chimie, 5ème étage
Ecublens, 1015 Lausanne, Suisse
Phone: +41 21 – 693 31 89
Fax: +41 21 – 693 51 45
Direction: Prof Hubert van den Bergh
Coordination: Rodrigo Jimenez

Summary

Our project aims at establishing a demonstrative Air Quality Management System (AQMS) in the Sogamoso Valley (Colombia), a complex-topography, complex-meteorology Andean valley affected, among other, by emissions from a large number (> 600) of highly polluting small-scale industries (brick and quicklime manufacturing). The project involves training and knowledge dissemination on air pollution measurement and simulation, the establishment of an adapted air quality monitoring network, intensive field measurements, the development of an accurate pollutant emission inventory and appropriate simulation models, and scientific support to decision-makers.

Since 1999 we have trained 10 Colombian engineers on air pollution measurements and simulation, built and kept in operation a 4-station monitoring network (in a large part equipped at low cost with instrumentation donated by various Swiss environmental authorities), and accomplished an intensive measurement field campaign (CAVASO 2002) involving complementary air quality measurements, such as tethered balloon atmospheric profiling, DOAS measurements at two sites, DNPH/HPLC carbonyl detection at 3 sites and aerosol analysis at 4 sites. We are currently adapting and validating mesoscale meteorological and photochemical grid models to the Sogamoso Valley conditions. Calculations with a validated model are intended at supporting decision-making on pollution abatement and urban and industrial planning in the near future.

The Sogamoso AQMS project is funded by ICSC-World Laboratory (Lausanne), CORPOBOYACA, the Municipality of Sogamoso, the local industry and the partaking institutions.

Publications

  • Jiménez, R., A. Cortazar, B. Calpini, A. Clappier, V. Simeonov, J. Cetina and H. van den Bergh (2003). Photochemical pollution in a semi-urban, high altitude valley in the Colombian Andes (in preparation).

  • Jiménez, R., A. Cortazar, J.E. Cetina, B. Calpini, V. Simeonov, J. Diaz, J.A. Morales, A. Rodriguez, J.M. Cordovez, D. Echeverry and H. van den Bergh (2003). Establishment of a demonstrative air quality management system in the Valley of Sogamoso, Colombia. 4th Swiss Global Change Day, Bern, April 4 (poster presentation).
  • Jiménez, R., V. Simeonov, B. Calpini and H. van den Bergh (2002). Project LAND-14 – Progress report 2001-2002. Proceedings of the 19th Combined Project Directors’ and Scientific Committee Meetings. ICSC-World Laboratory, Lausanne, November1-2 (report and presentation).
  • Jiménez, R., H. van den Bergh, B. Calpini, N. Sanchez, P. Leyva, E. Behrentz, E. Giraldo, J.A. Morales, J.E. Cetina, A. Rodriguez (2001). Establishing a demonstrative air quality management system in the Valley of Sogamoso, Colombia. Research Partnerships for Sustainable Development : Approaches and Experiences in Latin America; University of Valle, CINARA, KFPE, SDC, EPFL, Cartagena (Colombia), November 28-30 (poster presentation).
  • Rincón, A.G., E. León, R. Jiménez, S. Parra, C.A. Peña, C. Pulgarin (2001). Co-operative program in the environmental field between the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology at Lausanne (EPFL) and several Colombian institutions. Research Partnerships for Sustainable Development : Approaches and Experiences in Latin America; University of Valle, CINARA, KFPE, SDC, EPFL, Cartagena (Colombia), November 28-30.
  • Jiménez, R., H. van den Bergh and B. Calpini (2001). Project LAND-14 – Progress report 2000-2001. Proceedings of the 18th Combined Project Directors’ and Scientific Committee Meetings. ICSC-World Laboratory, Lausanne, October 19-20 (presentation).

Diploma works

  • Ulloa M. and N. Daza (2003). Characterization of particulate matter bounded heavy metals in the Sogamoso Valley (in Spanish). Diploma Work (Sanitary and Environmental Engineering), UNIBOYACA-EPFL/LPAS, Tunja.
  • Marquez, W. and W. Palencia (2003). Determination of ambient air carbonyls in the Sogamoso Valley using the DNPH/HPLC technique (in Spanish). Diploma Work (Sanitary and Environmental Engineering), UNIBOYACA-EPFL/LPAS, Tunja.
  • Jaramillo, F. (2001) Emission and fate of particulate matter generated by the small-scale brick and quicklime industry in the Valle of Sogamoso, Colombia: Properties and measuring techniques (in Spanish). Diploma Work (Civil and Environmental Engineering), EPFL/LPAS-University of Andes, Lausanne.

Seminars

  • Air Quality Management in Latin America: Tools and Case Studies (2002). ICSC-World Laboratory, EPFL/LPAS, University of Andes. Bogotá, January 28-30 (CD-ROM proceedings available upon request).
  • Air Quality: Fundamentals, Measurement Techniques and Management (2001). ICSC-World Laboratory, EPFL/LPAS, University of Andes. Bogotá. February 28 – March 2.